People Also Played More... Visit Supremacy1914 Games Like Supremacy1914 Become the ruler of a great European nation and lead it to success. Fight with up to 30 friends for control over Europe using smart diplomacy or simply the power of your army. This is real-time strategy at its best! Bytro Labs Text Based MMO Strategy Empire Building Bigpoint Games Historical Real Time 2D Browser Guilds Free to play / Freemium War Media Sources June, 2014

Supremacy1914

Fortresses of WWI:

#4: Osowiec Fortress – Abandoned but not captured

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The Osowiec Fortress was built from 1882 to 1892 as one of the defensive positions on the western borders of Russia. Located on the river Biebrza, only 50km from the German border of East Prussia, an important rail line crossed the emplacement, thus raising the strategic relevance of the building.

In September 1914 the fortress was sieged by parts of the German 8th Army. After the Russian field defense was pushed back, artillery opened fire. Sixty additional artillery pieces with a caliber of up to 203mm joined the siege in September. However, when German authorities tried a frontal assault, they were forced to retreat.

In January 1915 a second attempt to capture the fort started. After a month of intense fighting, Russian command decided to pull back the forces to the 2nd field defense. Thus, enabling German artillery to start firing again. The calibers of the howitzers varied from 100 to 420mm. During a week of intense artillery bombardment, more than 250.000 shots were fired from heavy artillery alone. However, the fort lasted for additional six months and the Russian artillery destroyed two out of four Big Berthas, forcing the German soldiers into positional warfare.

In July, field-marshal von Hindenburg began a full frontal offensive. On the 6th of August, poison gases were used against the Russian defenders. At this point, only 60 Russian soldiers were able to continue fighting. When fourteen battalion of the Landwehr advanced, the five remaining Russian guns opened fire. Papers later called it “The attack of the dead men”.

However, two weeks later the Russian command pulled back the last remaining soldiers and Osowiec fort was abandoned.
June 29, 2014

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Supremacy1914

Support our Troops tombola - The troops are cracking up!

Make history yourself: http://bitly.com/Sup1914

After we asked you for feedback and analyzed the data you gave us, our developers worked on the most urgent and annoying bugs. Today we want to give you a little insight into our work and the latest development and take the chance to announce a new feature, which will be released exclusively for the HTML5-client: The Support our Troops tombola.

Every user will have the opportunity to visit the Support our Troops tombola once a day and challenge Madame Fortune, thus being able to win stunning prizes. But in order to hit the big jackpot you have to participate in the Support our Troops tombola daily over an extended period of time. This way, the jackpot will increase - waiting to be finally hit!

With a little bit of luck you can win Premium-Accounts as well as Goldmark, ingame-ressources, the long awaited reinforcement at the front line or spies. Liberty Bonds, needed to spin the wheel, are also part of the prize system, offering free spins to you. Additionally, the Support our Troops tombola will raffle special prizes, only available at the tombola. Maybe you are the next owner of the mysterious “Blueprints” to a new and special unit? More soon!

In order to implement the tombola into the live HTML5-version of Supremacy1914, we also worked on the client’s performance: On one hand we reduced the loading time for the games even further and on the other hand the chat won’t affect the overall performance of the rounds any more. We also worked on the detection of multi accounts again and your feedback is showing that we are on the right track here.

We hope to evenly satisfy your needs for bugfixes and the wish for new features with our latest work and are excited to announce even more updates and features for the time to come!
June 28, 2014

Supremacy1914

The most devastating Battles of WWI

The Battle of Tannenberg – “A major victory but far from decisive”

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Fought between the Russian Second Army and the German Eighth Army in 1914, the Battle of Tannenberg resulted in a destruction of the Second Army and enabled German authorities to engage the Russian First Army in a series of follow-up battles. Ultimately, Russian soldiers were forced back over the prewar border and would not march on German soil again until the Second World War.

Although the first weeks of war went according to German plans, the Narew-Army and the Njemen-Army both marched on German territory, engaging the 8th Army. Russian authorities thought that the whole territory would be abandoned and let their two armies march independently. During the Battle of Gumbinnen, a first advance was successful. Thus, Russian authorities believed the German Army to give up East Prussia and let the First and Second Army march independently. The German Command decided not to leave without a struggle.

After the Battle of Gumbinnen, the German Army focused on the Second Army alone, thus enabling a retreat over the Vistula. On the 27th of August, the 8th Army encircled the left flank of the Russian 2nd Army. The right flank also suffered from the element of surprise when they had to retreat. After the cavalry and the advancing battalion of General Mackensen were united, the 2nd Army was more than just encircled: A possible retreat was blocked and reinforcement was not able to reach the exhausted soldiers.

Although the First Army was already advancing north, the courageous acting of General Francois and his men forced the reinforcement to retreat, thus stopping the advance and securing the German victory. All in all, nearly 30.000 Russian soldiers were wounded or died during the Battle of Tannenberg, another 95.000 went into prisoner-of-war camps.
June 25, 2014

Supremacy1914

Weapons of WWI

#30: Wakamiya – The first seaplane carrier worldwide?

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The Wakamiya was the first Japanese aircraft carrier. She was equipped with four Maurice Farman MF.11 seaplanes and conducted the world’s first naval-launched air raid during the Siege of Tsingtao from Kiaochow Bay.

The seaplane carrier was built as the freighter Lethington and was transferred to the Imperial Japanese Navy in 1913 after being captured on a voyage. She had two seaplanes on deck and two in reserve. The planes could be lowered onto the water with a crane, where they would take off and then be retrieved from the water. However, the French La Foudre was actually the first seaplane carrier: In 1911 the former torpedo boat tender was modified as a seaplane carrier and in 1913, she was equipped with a flying-off deck.

On the 6th of September 1914 during the Siege of Tsingtao a Farman aircraft attacked the Austro-Hungarian cruiser Kaiserin Elisabeth and a smaller German gunboat. However, neither ship was hit. On September 30th Wakamiya struck a German mine and had to be repaired. On this occasion the four seaplanes were transferred on land to continue their air raids. All in all, the four seaplanes made 49 attacks and dropped nearly 200 bombs. In 1920 the Wakamiya was modified as a regular aircraft carrier with a launch platform on the foredeck.
June 24, 2014

Supremacy1914

History on the Eve of WWI

#25: Re-opening of the Kaiser-Wilhelm-Kanal (23rd of June 1914)

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Exactly 100 years ago the Kaiser-Wilhelm-Kanal, now known as the “Kiel Canal”, was reopened. During the 19th century, after Schleswig-Holstein became a part of Prussia, the German navy saw the need for a new canal, linking the bases in the Baltic and the North Sea. Over 9.000 workers were needed to finish the project in eight years and on the 20th of June in 1895 the canal was officially opened. Kaiser Wilhelm II himself laid the final stone on the 21st of June.

However, increasing traffic demands and larger battleships forced German authorities to widen the canal. Between 1907 and 1914 the width was increased in order to allow Dreadnought-sized battleships to cross the passage. With the installation of larger canal locks in Brunsbüttel and Holtenau construction work was completed. With costs of 242 Mio. Mark, the reconstruction was more costly than the original construction itself.

Again, Kaiser Wilhelm II opened the canal during a ceremony. Surprisingly, the British Fleet under Sir George Warrender was present and the German Kaiser inspected the HMS King George V.
June 23, 2014

Supremacy1914

Forgotten battlegrounds of WWI

The Occupation of German Samoa – The first military mission of New Zealand

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The Occupation of Samoa, then a German colony and now the Independent State of Samoa, was a blood-free siege of several towns during the early phase of World War One. It started with landings of the Samoa Expeditionary Force from New Zealand and represents the first military action of New Zealand during WWI.

On August 15th in 1914, a force of 1.370 soldiers set sails to German Samoa. The convoy joined forces with the battlecruiser HMAS Australia, the cruiser HMAS Melbourne, the French cruiser Montcalm and three smaller “P” class cruisers. The soldiers under the command of Robert Logan expected to face the German East Asia Squadron. However, when they landed at Apia two weeks later, the East Asia Squadron was nowhere to be seen. In addition, the occupation took place without any fighting. On the 30th of August, the Union Jack was hoisted in Upolu, as seen in the photo by the German Colonial Association (picture number: 042-0245-59).

Two armoured German cruisers, the SMS Schnarnhorst and the SMS Gneisenau, hurried to German Samoa after Admiral von Spree learned of the occupation. He arrived on the 14th of September and learned that 1.600 poorly trained soldiers from New Zealand were on Upolu, but decided to leave the setting and sailed to Tahiti, where he rejoined the rest of his fleet. After the Occupation of Samoa, the Samoan force and the Australian Naval Military Expeditionary Force sailed to Port Moresby, before they took over German New Guinea.
June 22, 2014

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Heroes of WWI

#20: The Dictatorial Triumvirate – The Three Pashas of the Ottoman Empire

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The “Three Pashas”, also known as the “dictatorial triumvirate”, included Ismail Enver, the Ottoman minister of war, Mehmed Talaat, the minister of the inferior, and the minister of the Navy, Ahmed Djemal. These three men were the de facto ruler of the Ottoman Empire during WWI.

The main goal of the Pashas was to create a “Pan-Turkish” state. Enver Pashar was once famously quoted that this meant to “relocate the dhimmi”, the non-Muslim population of the Ottoman Empire. The Pashas were the main players in the Ottoman-German Alliance and the entry into war on the side of the Central Powers. However, Ahmed Cemal didn’t support an alliance with German authorities. On the 29th of October 1914, the Three Pashas reached the point-of-no-return, when they agreed to let Admiral Wilhelm Souchon attack Russian ports in the Black Sea.

During the Battle of Sarikamish, which took place from December 1914 to January 1915, Enver Pasha took control of the Ottoman 3rd Army. The outcome of the operation, a loss with severe casualties for the Ottoman 3rd Army, was blamed on Enver. However, the Ottoman Empire already saw the military skills of Enver in 1913, when he led the military coup that secured the power of the Three Pashas.
June 21, 2014

Supremacy1914

Announcement: Celebrate the World Cup 2014 with special offers!

Make history yourself: http://bit.ly/Sup1914

To celebrate the 2014 World Cup in Brazil and the games we already watched and cheered to, we want to make you an offer you hopefully cannot resist: A special package from our Supremacy1914 shop will be discounted by 25 percent. But hurry up: This offer is only valid from the 19th to the 23nd of June!

During World War One, soccer became negligibility. Match operations were stopped in most countries at the beginning of the war, with the exception of the United Kingdom: The English Football League continued for one more season. However, match operations were stopped in 1914/15 after Everton won the title and were not continued until 1919. The Scottish First Division went on without interruption. However, the Second Division was cancelled until the season of the years 1921/22. Although the “Football Battalion” was recruiting several professional football players and even whole teams such as Hearth of Midlothian F.C., other soldiers coined the term “Christmas Truce” in 1914, when they showed that sometimes football is more than just a game.

Nearly 100 years have passed since then and this year, 32 teams from all over the world hope to win the legendary trophy of the World Cup. We saw controversial decisions, unbelievable goals, surprising results and enthusiastic fans. Here at Bytro Labs, we are still unsure who will lift up the cup on the 13th of July. Will it be Germany? Might Britain win its second World Cup after 1966? Will Neymar lead Brazil to the sixth World Cup? Or might we see a new World Cup winner, a team which has never reached the finals before?

Until the 23nd of July you can celebrate the World Cup with us. Hurry up to assure that you will benefit from a discount of 25 percent. However, what do you think: Who will be this year’s World Cup Champion?
June 19, 2014

Supremacy1914

Fortresses of WWI:

#3: Fort de Loncin - The only fort at Liège that did not surrender

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Fort de Loncin was one of the twelve forts of the Fortification of Liège. Built exclusively out of unreinforced concrete, the fort was not able to withstand the bombardment of German 21cm guns, let alone the massive 42cm Big Bertha howitzer. However, Fort de Loncin was the only fort around Liège which did not surrender.

Built between 1881 and 1884, the Fort de Loncin was completely built out of concrete. The weak material and poor understandings of concrete mixing made the fort vulnerable, while poor living conditions reduced the ability of garrisoned troops to operate under fire. However, Loncin was provided with mechanical ventilation and better sanitary arrangements than other Belgian forts. It was armed with two 21cm howitzer turrets, one double 15cm gun turret, two double 12cm gun turrets and several smaller gun turrets and rapid-fire guns.

In 1914 the fort was the last of the Belgian forts to be attacked by the German army. It was massively bombarded before one of the two magazines, with twelve tons of explosives, was hit. The explosion destroyed most of the fort and killed 350 of the total 550 Belgian soldiers. The main reason for the destruction was the placement of the ammunition magazines, which were placed close to the surface and had never been upgraded since their destruction. However, Belgian authorities did learn from their mistakes and built the Fort Eben-Emael with their new understandings of construction and arrangement of barracks, magazines and sanitation.
June 19, 2014

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Weapons of WWI

#29 – The Chauchat – The worst gun ever?

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The Chauchat, named after Colonel Louis Chauchat, was the standard light machine gun of the French Army and is considered one of the worst guns ever used during a major war. The Chauchat, or “Fusil Mitrailleur Modele 1915 CSRG” was manufactured by two civilian plants and was placed in regular service in June 1916.

The original French version of the Chauchat had several manufacturing problems, which were resolved by 1916. However, a survey requested by General Pétain in late 1916 showed, that the half-moon magazine caused two third of all stoppages of the gun. Loose earth, dirt and grit could enter the gun through the open-sided magazines and the long recoil system often led to pain when fired. In addition, during long rounds of firing the weapon could easily overheat and shooting had to be stopped until the gun cooled off.

The American version of the Chauchat, the US M1918 Chauchat redesigned for the .30-06 cartridge, performed even worse on the battlefields. The production was rushed, thus a large number of Chauchats had a chamber, which was cut too short. The case of the ammunition was slammed tightly into the end of the chamber and the rim was ripped off.

So, is the American Chauchat of 1918 the worst gun of WWI? To a lot of American soldiers the answer had to be “Yes”. American soldiers actually exchanged their redesigned Chauchats for French 8mm rifles before combat.
June 18, 2014

Supremacy1914

Behind the Scenes: The Alliance tournament – What the winners have to say!

Even if the Alliance-Tournament ended some time ago and the winners are already crowned, we want to present a small Behind the Scenes, featuring the players instead of our team. Thus, we let “spoiLergreen” take the word. He will give all of us a little insight into the triumphal procession of “S.P.Q.R. – Die Legionäre”.

“The starting team of S.P.Q.R. started the tournament with Comflag, Don John, Enfant terrible, hombre25, Mobi, spoiLergreen and vonTronje. Even though we faced very active alliances during the first two rounds of this year’s tournament, the victories we celebrated were never endangered.

During the third round we faced PonySlyastation (PS), last year’s finalist, as well as the semi-finalist Lions. Due to several drop-outs at PS, we fortunately had to face the Lions only. However, our alliance had to start with a disastrous province-distribution, featuring a segregated Italy. During merciless face-offs and with the help of strategic retreats, we could claim the factories in the German Empire, a major advantage after a few days have passed. Even the loss of Italy could not stop our advance and with the use of heavy artillery, we managed to lock our world-domination.

The quarter-finals, facing Shinigami, went well and we had to challenge Section8 (SXN8) in the semi-finals. Without a doubt, this was by far the most intense battle of our tournament this year. The players of SXN8 were all active and with the introduction of large amounts of Armored Cars they really challenged us. Although the first 10 days were rough for us, we somehow managed the turnaround and after SXN8 had to give up the German Empire, our artillery took down France and SXN8 was forced to surrender.

The third time in a row, S.P.Q.R. entered the final, eager to conquer the crown of the Alliance-Tournament. Interestingly, the distribution of provinces was the same as in our semi-final. We had to face the Italian alliance “Divide et Impera” (DEI) and even though we were outnumbered, DEI’s advance could be stopped on two flanks at the same time: At Vienna and only miles away from the Italien factories. Losses were severe, but our army nearly destroyed DEI at this point. Thus, we were able to benefit from our predominance and finally won the Alliance-Tournament!”

We from Bytro Labs want to take the chance to have the last word here: Thanks to all participants and we congratulate S.P.Q.R. for their first tournament victory! It seems that even in our tournament, all good things come at threes!
June 17, 2014

Supremacy1914

The most devastating battles of WW1:

Part VII: The Gallipoli Campaign – The Dardanelles Campaign (18th of March 1915)

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The Dardanelles Campaign started as a purely naval operation. After the German Navy gave two battleships under Ottoman control, the Empire had the most powerful battleship in the Black Sea in 1914: The Yavûz Sultân Selîm.

On the 3rd of November in 1914, several British battleships accompanied by French naval forces attacked the Dardanelles with the intention to test the fortifications of the Dardanelles. The first results were encouraging. On the 19th and the 25th of February in 1915, two heavy destroyers were sent in to probe the straits. However, little progress was made clearing the minefield. On the night of the 13th of March an attempt to clear the field failed: The HMS Amethyst and four of the six minesweepers were heavily damaged.

The final offensive took place on March 18th, when the Ottoman minelayer Nurset laid a line of mines, following the observations they had made on how the British cruisers and battleships withdrew from the strait. At around 11:00 the first of three lines opened fire from Eren Köy Bay. Shortly after noon the second line passed through and closed on Narrow forts. Ottoman fire began, damaging four battleships.

The catastrophe for the British and French troops began at 13:54, after the forces had failed to properly reconnoiter the area and sweep it for mines. The French cruiser Bouvet struck a mine and sank within minutes. British forces pressed on and at around 16:00, the HMS Inflexible struck a mine and beached on the Island of Bozcaada. In the next hours, the HMS Irresistible and the Ocean were also struck by a mine, both sunk.

During one day, three battleships were sunk and one was heavily damages. The main minefield, over ten layers deep, was still fully intact and the commanding Vice-Admiral de Robert had to reorganize his minesweepers. With the failure of the naval assault, the idea of supporting land forces grew stronger and a campaign through the back of the Dardanelles in order to capture Constantinople became popular. On April 25th, the British Army launched the Gallipoli Campaign, one of the most devastating campaigns of WWI.
June 15, 2014

Supremacy1914

Heroes of WWI (Special)

#18: Walter Tull – The man who stirred up the Top Division and the battlefield

Make history yourself: http://bit.ly/Sup1914
With the first match of England’s national football team only hours away, we want to remember the fate of Walter Tull, who set the mark for many players to come. Walter Daniel John Tull was the first Afro-Caribbean outfield player in the top division of English football, as well as the first “Negro/Mulatto”-soldier to be commissioned as an infantry officer in the British Army.

Walter Tull’s football career started at Clapton FC, where he won the London Senior Cup and the FA Amateur Cup, thus being the first black/mixed race player to win a medal in English senior football. In 1909, Tull signed for Tottenham Hotspurs, making only ten first-team appearances. This might be due to severe racial abuse with opposing fans using language “lower than Billingsgate”, as one reporter expressed his disguised. However, Tull moved on to Northhampton Town and made 111 first-team appearances there.

When war broke out, Tull enlisted in the British Army and served in both Footballers’ Battalions, quickly rising to the rank of sergeant. When he was commissioned Second Lieutenant in 1917, Tull became the first black/mixed race combat officer in the British Army, despite the Manual of Military Law excluding Negroes/Mulattos from exercising command as officer. While serving in Italy, Tull was cited for his gallantry and after a nightly raiding party, he was recommended for a Military Cross.

All in all, Walter Tull fought in six major battles including the Battle of the Somme, the Battle of Messines and the Battle of Passchendaele. On the 25th of March Tull was killed in action during the Spring Offensive. His body was never discovered. Thus, he is remembered at the Arras Memorial, Bay 7, for those who have no known grave.
June 14, 2014

Supremacy1914

Fortresses of WWI:

#2: Przemyśl fortress: Scene of the longest siege of World War One

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The Przemysl fortress, located in present day Poland, was built by the Austro-Hungarian Empire since 1854 and was not finished until the First World War. It saw extensive combat during the war and changed hands only once until it was captured by Germany in 1915.
Initially planned as a series of fortifications, the construction of the Przemysl fort started in 1854. Until the Crimean War, 19 of the 41 entrenchments were completed. In 1878, barracks, magazines and roads inside the complex were added, as well as nine earth forts, which, in 1881, were converted into solid fortifications. By 1910, infantry fortifications had been added and when the war broke out in 1914, the fortress was once again reinforced.

Only a small force of five infantry battalions, artillery and sappers manned the fort in the beginning. On the 17th of September 1914, the Russian Army laid siege to the fortress. During a Russian assault, nearly 4.000 men were killed before a larger relief force pushed the Russian Army back. The fortress then was evacuated, with a small amount of troops left to tie down the Russian soldiers. When the Przemysl fort was surrounded a second time, the siege continued until December 1914.

On March 22nd, 119.000 Austro-Hungarian troops under the command of General Hermann Kusmanek von Burgneustädten had to surrender. By May, however, German forces reached the fort and by June 5th 1915 had re-captured it for the Central Powers. The damaged fort lost nearly all military significance and was ultimately abandoned.
June 12, 2014

Supremacy1914

Weapons of WWI

#28: The „Vezdekhod“ - He who goes anywhere.

Make history yourself: http://bit.ly/Sup1914
In August 1914, the 23-year old aircraft designer Aleksandr Porokhovščikov started to experiment with an all-terrain vehicle with cross-country capability. In January 1915 he finished the drawings and estimations and approval was giving to start the building of a prototype. Colonel Poklevskij-Kozello was supervising the project.

The Vezdekhod, meaning “He who goes anywhere”, had a welded frame which ran on a single track. Two small wheels were placed besides the track and could be lowered. Thus, the small tank could be steered with a steering wheel. The tank, powered by a single 10hp engine, was supposed to run on the back drum while on solid ground and on the track while driving on soft terrain.

The prototype was finally constructed in 1915 and was tested during the year. The Vezdekhod reached a speed of 26.5mph but was unable to steer. However, the commission report later stated that “Vezdekhod is a sound and practical idea; it can achieve a speed of 25 Verst/hour (16.57 mph). […] Vezdekhod steers easily during fast motion, and turns very satisfactorily.”

Although the project was reopened in 1916, no progress was made.
June 11, 2014

Supremacy1914

WIN GOLDMARK – Find out my name

Mugshots from History #25: UK

Make history yourself: http://bit.ly/Sup1914

All my life, I wanted to follow a different path than my father. I wanted to become a soldier. I fought wars in the colonies of our beloved motherland and before World War I arose I married a lady of noble heritage in Austria-Hungary. However, during the war, I was severely injured and I lost a hand and one of my eyes. Nonetheless, I saw combat action after World War I ended and was knighted with the Knight Commander of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire. WHO AM I? Reward: 50.000 GM.

Send my full name to competition@bytro.com, subject: MUGSHOT BRITAIN, deadline Tuesday, 24 June 14, 12:00 (CEST).

(limited: one entry per person only with one suggested name)

A reward of 50,000 GM goes to a lucky winner drawn from all correct entries received by Tuesday, 24 June 2014, 12:00 (CEST). Mention in your email your ingame name to win the GM reward. The winner will be published on Facebook with the start of the next mugshot competition.
June 10, 2014

Supremacy1914

Fortresses of WWI:

#1: Fort Douaumont – The largest fort at Verdun

Make history yourself: http://bit.ly/Sup1914
Fort Douaumont was the largest one on the ring of 19 large defensive forts protecting Verdun. Construction work started in 1885 near Douaumont and the fort was continually reinforced until 1913. However, the French General Staff concluded that even the Fort of Douaumont could not resist bombardments from the German 16in Gamma guns.

Fort Douaumont had a surface are of nearly 30.000 square metres and is approximately 400 metres long. The two main tunnels, running from East to West, with barracks rooms and corridors, were protected by concrete roof, which was 12 metres thick. The fort was equipped with several armed posts, a large 155mm rotating gun torrent, a 75mm gun rotating gun turret and four 75mm guns flanking the “Bourges Casemates”. Thus, Fort Douaumont was far better equipped than the Belgian forts, which had been crushed by the German 420mm howitzers in 1914.

On the 21st of February in 1916, the German army launched a major offensive, thus starting the Battle of Verdun. On the 25th of February, a smaller raiding party approached the fort from the North. At this time, only 56 troops and a few artillerymen were protecting the fort and not a single officer was present. Fort Douaumont was given up without a fight and on French divisional commander predicted that the loss would cost the French Army 100.000 lives.

In late May 1916, the French Second Army made a first attempt to re-capture Fort Douaumont, by shelling the fort. However, the German army stubbornly held on to the fort. In October 1916 a French offensive began. After the intense shelling by two super heavy 400mm French railway guns and millions of lesser-caliber shells fired, Fort Douaumont had become untenable and was about to being evacuated when it was re-captured by French soldiers.
June 8, 2014

Supremacy1914

Heroes of WWI:

#17 – James Collins – The soccer professional who refused to have his leg amputated

Make history yourself: http://bit.ly/Sup1914
A very rare Albert Medal for Lifesaving recently fell under the hammer. It was awarded to Lance Corporal James Collins in 1917 for his heroics, after he stepped on a grenade in order to save his comrades. However, the story of James Collins did not end here.

On the 11th of November in 1917, Lance Collins was escorting an insane soldier through the trenches. The soldier escaped, was followed by Collins and threw an armed grenade at the young man. Instead of saving his own life, Collins stepped on the grenade. Despite being severely injured James Collins saved two of his comrades while his patient died.

Prior to World War One, Collins was a promising football player, playing for St. Joseph’s FC in Dundee. But with his lower leg and foot sieved with shrapnel and metal parts, his career seemed to be over. But James Collins refused to have his foot and lower leg amputated. Instead, he underwent 14 operations in the following years.

Only three years after being injured on the battlefield he signed for Swansea Town FC and made his debut in 1920. During his 15 years as a professional football player, he rose to team captain at Swansea and scored one hat trick against the Bristol Rovers. Later, Collins became a football coach before he died in Dundee in 1963 at the age of 67.

The image, created by Robert Prummel, of the Albert Medal and other information regarding this forgotten medal can be found here: bit.ly/S9vGUc
June 6, 2014

Supremacy1914

Forgotten battlegrounds of World War One

The Battle of Cocos – The last voyage of the SMS Emden

Make history yourself: http://bit.ly/Sup1914
The Battle of Cocos was a single-ship action in November 1914 with the SMS Emden and the HMAS Sydney involved. After the German cruiser under the command of Karl von Müller attacked a communications station at Direction Island, located in the Indian Ocean midway between Australia and Sri Lanka, the station was able to send a last distress call, which was overheard by the HMAS Sydney.

The HMAS Sydney spotted the SMS Emden on the 9th of November 1914. Due to their larger range the Emden was able to shoot first but could not inflict any serious damage to the Australian light cruiser. During the initial phase of the attack, the Emden fired a salvo nearly every six seconds. However, only fifteen shells hit the Sydney.

As Commander John Glossop closed the range, he commenced firing. Heavy and accurate fire damaged Emden: Wireless equipment, steering gear, rangefinders and voicepipes. One of the funnels collapsed and the foremast fell. A shell from Sydney hit the ammunition room, which had to be flooded. Other shells blasted off the remaining funnels and von Müller had to beach the Emden on North Keeling Island to prevent further loss of life. 130 seamen aboard Emden were killed, 69 were wounded.
June 4, 2014

Supremacy1914

Weapons of WWI:

#27 – The Villar-Perosa M15 – Truly the first submachine gun of World War One?

Make history yourself: http://bit.ly/H5AxQU
Although the Bergmann MP18 was the first practical submachine gun ever used in combat, the Villar-Perosa M15 is seen as the first true submachine gun of the world.

Named after the company Officine Villar Perosa (OVP), the gun was originally designed in 1914 by Bethel Abiel Revelli as an aircraft weapon. However, with the low-powered 9mm Gilsenti ammunition, the M15 was not sufficiently powerful to shoot down aircrafts. In fact, the Gilsenti ammunition turned out to be even weaker than the similar built 9x19 Parabellum bullets used with the Bergmann M18.

Thus, the Villar-Perosa M15 was quickly converted for ground application: Light tripods, shoulder straps and a wooden stock were implemented. Many experts see this later version of the M15 as the first practical submachine gun. The Villar-Perosa M15 was assembled from two identical guns, held together by a plate at the front and twin spade grips at the rear. Surprisingly, the two guns were also fired by two different triggers.

The guns themselves used a blowback system. Due to the construction and the powerful springs combined with the bolt design, the Villar-Perosa M15 was capable of firing 3.000 rounds per minute - provided both guns were fired isochronously. However, the magazine only held 25 rounds, which equals just one second of continuous fire.
June 2, 2014

Supremacy1914

Heroes of WWI:

#16: The ANZAC Corps

Make history yourself: http://bitly.com/Sup1914
The Australian and New Zealand Army Corps (#ANZAC) was a World War One army corps of the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force, formed in 1915 to operate during the Battle of Gallipoli. ANZAC consisted of soldiers who previously served in the First Australian Imperial Force and the 1st New Zealand Expeditionary Force.

Plans for the initial formation of ANZAC began in November 1914 but the Australians and New Zealanders were sent to Egypt for training instead of the Western Front. General William Birdwood, an officer of the British Indian Army, was given the command and most of the corps staff was although drawn from the Indian Army. After protests from New Zealand the plan to name the corps the “Australasian Army Corps” was abandoned and the name “Australian and New Zealand Army Corps” was adopted. Despite the name, ANZAC was a multi-national corps. At various points ANZAC contained the Indian Mountain Artillery, the Ceylon Planters Rifle Corps, the Zion Mule Corps, several British Divisions and even four battalions from the Royal Naval Division.

After the Battle of Gallipolli, ANZAC was reorganized and two new divisions were formed, while the New Zealand contingent expanded. These new divisions were reformed into the First and Second ANZAC Corps. Both corps were sent to France in 1916.

While the 2nd ANZAC Corps saw action during the Battle of Fromelles and the Battle of Messines, the 1st ANZAC Corps suffered major casualties on the Western Front. The first major combat, the Battle of Pozières, claimed over 5.000 casualties. During the Battle of Moquet Farm 6.3000 casualties were recorded. The Battle of Menin Road added another 5.000 casualties to the list.

In 1917 the five Australian infantry divisions in France were grouped together and the Australian Corps was formed. Thus, the 1st and 2nd ANZAC Corps ceased to exist.
June 1, 2014

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