People Also Played More... Visit Supremacy1914 Games Like Supremacy1914 Become the ruler of a great European nation and lead it to success. Fight with up to 30 friends for control over Europe using smart diplomacy or simply the power of your army. This is real-time strategy at its best! Bytro Labs Text Based MMO Strategy Empire Building Bigpoint Games Historical Real Time 2D Browser Guilds Free to play / Freemium War Media Sources March, 2014

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Mugshots from History #22: UK

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When I was born in 1849, I never thought I would find myself in the middle of a war more than half a century later. I lived a life of fulfillment and joy, but after the outbreak of World War I I was desperate to stand beside my sons, who were all serving and fulfilling their duties to the noble empire of Great Britain. Due to my age I was turned down several times, but I was eager to fight. In the end, my persistence paid off and I became a battalion transport officer. As a twist of fate my sons survived the conflict while I died near Mametz Wood. WHO AM I? Reward: 35.000 GM.

Send my name to competition@bytro.com, subject: MUGSHOT UK, deadline Mon, April the 7th 14, 12:00 (CEST).

(limited: one entry per person only with one suggested name.)

A reward of 35,000 GM goes to a lucky winner drawn from all correct entries received by Monday, 7th of April 2014, 12:00 (CEST). Mention in your email your ingame name to win the GM reward. The winner will be published on Facebook with the start of the next mugshot competition.
March 31, 2014

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Supremacy1914

Supremacy 1914 updated their cover photo.

March 28, 2014

Supremacy1914

History on the Eve of WWI:

The first blood transfusion

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On 27th of March in 1914, Albert Hustin was the second person to successfully perform a non-direct blood transfusion: Using sodium citrate and glucose to stop the blood from clotting, he set the mark for the development of blood banking. However, Dr. Luis Agote is considered to be the first medicine to perform a safe and effective blood transfusion.

Although research into blood transfusion began during the 17th century, the results were often fatal. The first documented human blood transfusion was administered by Dr. Jean-Baptiste Denys in 1667. Dr. Denys, eminent physician to King Louis XIV, transfused the blood of a sheep into a young man, who survived. The boy survived, mainly due to the small amount of blood, which did not cause a fatal allergic reaction. The Swedish Baron Gustaf Bonde, who received two transfusions of sheep blood by Dr. Denys, however, died.

Research into blood transfusion was abandoned and was only resurrected with the discovery of distinct blood types. Blood transfusions became safer with this discovery and in the 1910s it was discovered that by adding anticoagulant or refrigerating blood it was possible to store blood. Prior to this only direct transfusion were possible.

The beginning of World War I acted as a catalyst for the rapid development of blood transfusion and blood banking. The first transfusion made using stored blood was performed by Geoffrey Keynes on January 1st, 1916, using his invention of a portable machine to store blood The first blood bank was created by Oswald Hope, a medical researcher and U.S. Army officer during his time in France. The non-direct blood transfusion is considered one of the most important inventions of World War I, saving thousands of lives during the war.
March 27, 2014

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Heroes in WWI

#7: Choctaw code talkers

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During World War I the American troops faced an unforeseeable problem: Not only did German troops speak excellent English, they also had a basic knowledge of American military codes. The solution, found by an American Colonel, was quite uncommon: After overhearing two young, Native American men talking in their mother tongue, he realized the potential of their abilities.

With the active help of young Choctaw Indians, the ancient language was used instead of the regular coding. The first test took place in 1918 and succeeded. Although Native Americans at this point had been used as messengers between the units, the Choctaw language proved to be the unknown secret the American troops needed.

The first “Choctaw code talkers” were all born in the exact same Choctaw Nation of the Indian Territory, now located in Oklahoma. Only nineteen Choctaw code talkers can be confirmed at this point, though there are rumors of several more. Since the language had no words for “machine gun” or “artillery” the brave young men needed to improvise and came up with their own words.

After World War I, little to no word was lost about the code talkers. In 2008, the Code Talkers Recognition Act of 2008 recognized every Choctaw Code Talker with a Congressional Gold Medal for their honor.
March 26, 2014

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Mugshots from History #21: Sweden

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When I first came to the Siberian prisoner-of-war camp I couldn’t believe the woe and the pain these soldiers had to suffer: Shaped by typhus, cold and hunger, these formerly brave men vegetating like animals and left to die. For the Red Cross I organized several relief actions, lowering the death rate in the camps. I spent my time in Siberia and returned to Sweden in 1918. However, I still supported all those poor souls, who suffered during World War I, until I died from cancer. WHO AM I? REWARD: 35.000 GM.

Send my full name to competition@bytro.com, subject: MUGSHOT SWEDEN, deadline Mon, 31 MAR 14 (CEST).

(limited: one entry per person only with one suggested name)

A reward of 35,000 GM goes to a lucky winner drawn from all correct entries received by Monday 31 MARCH 2014, 12 (CEST). Mention in your email your ingame name to win the GM reward. The winner will be published on Facebook with the start of the next mugshot competition.

Make history yourself: Supremacy 1914
March 25, 2014

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Supremacy 1914 Tournament – Let the battle begin!

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The single player tournament is back. From April 4th 2014, 18:00 CEST, thousands of players will fight for the ultimate title. Who will be the “Supremacy 1914 Champion”?

Demonstrate your skills and challenge other players during three free gold-rounds. Fight for honor and fame. Be a part of this impressive event: Registration for the Supremacy 1914 single player tournament will open on the 25th of March and can be found on the tournament-page.

You want to become the new Supremacy 1914 champion and get hold of the legendary “Tournament Championship” medal? Or do you just want to measure your skills during intense gold-rounds with thousands of other players? Just sign up for the tournament and take the challenge. After the initial registration phase, all players will be randomly allocated into three different gold-rounds.

Games will start on the 4th of April at 18:00 CEST and will end after 20 days. The DE-points of all three games will be added and the best 1.000 players then reach the next round. All rules can be found on the tournament-page: http://bit.ly/1jma5np

Good luck to all those, brave enough to take the challenge!
March 24, 2014

Supremacy1914

Weapons of WWI

#17: The Ehrhardt E-V/4 Panzerkraftwagen – Germany’s first armoured car

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After being the target of the Minerva Armoured Car used by the Belgian army, the German army decided to produce its own armoured car. With no practical experience the order was given to three different companies: Daimler, Ehrhardt and Brüssing. Unlike Belgian vehicles the German models of 1915 were all massive, weighting up to eight tons, staffed with a crew of nine men.

The first models were brought to action at the Western Front, however, the Ehrhardt E-V/4 and the other models did not make a significant difference. The conditions of the static front were so bad, that the armoured cars were deployed on the Eastern Front, where mobile warfare was still possible. In fact, after seeing the results here, the German army ordered another 20 vehicles from Ehrhardt.

In contrast to the first E-V/4, the second generation was nearly two tons lighter and the turret was now pivotable. Equipped with two 7.92-mm-MGs, the Ehrhardt E-V/4 served at the Eastern Front until the end of fighting. After World War I came to an end, the German army ordered another 20 vehicles, which were used for internal policing duties.
March 22, 2014

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Heroes of WWI

#6 – The miners of WWI

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Since antiquity mining, land mining and undermining was a widely used method to attack fortresses, castles or other military positions. Due to the static nature of World War I mining went through a rapid resurrection: Engineers used tunnels under no man’s land to deposit large amount of explosive agent right under the enemy’s positions, blowing up whole mountain peaks, thus killing thousands of soldiers within seconds.

During the Italian Campaign whole mountain peaks were blown up. Lieutnant Caetani, an Italian engineer, developed a plan to mine the peak of Col di Lana in 1915 which, at this time, was held by Austrian-Hungarian forces. A tunnel was drilled with hand operated drilling machines and nearly five tons of blasting gelatin were placed inside. Although the Austrian-Hungarian army learnt that the summit had been mined, their counter-mining showed no effect whatsoever: On the 18th of April 1916 the summit of Col di Lana was blasted, forcing the Austrian army to surrender the mountain.

On the 1st of July in 1916, the first day of the Battle of Somme, a large mine detonated right under the German trenches. Created by the Royal Engineer tunneling companies the mine was later nicknamed the “Lochnagar mine”, named after the trenches behind the site. Over 26 tons of ammonal made the Lochnagar mine the largest mine ever detonated until that time. The blast itself was the loudest man-made noise in history at this point and reports suggest that it could be heard in London.

Under the command of General Herbert Plumer, 19 mines with over 600 tons of explosive detonated during the Battles of Messines, killing approximately 10.000 soldiers within seconds. Overall, 22 mines were place by miners under the German trenches. However, one mine at Petite Douve Farm was discovered by German miners, counter-mining the British engineers. Hand-to-hand battles under the trenches were quite common. If engineers discovered hostile tunnels during their mission, they placed subsurface bombs to kill their opponents. Another widely-used tactic was to cut the escape way off to let them die in the tunnels. However, in 1917, an implicit convention ended the mining.
March 20, 2014

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Mugshots from History #20: Austria-Hungary

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My brother joined voluntary forces during the first mobilization of our troops and was soon promoted. Seeing him defending our homeland, I decided to leave school to support him. Later, I volunteered myself and soon was a part of the troops. Although I made my way to the front line I was ordered back to serve as a courier and my first clash with the enemy was from a far distance. However, me and my soon-to-be officer captured three hostile soldiers. Due to this I was promoted to corporal. I am proud to say, that most soldiers serving at the frontline were younger than me. WHO AM I? REWARD: 35.000 GM.

Send my full name to competition@bytro.com, subject: MUGSHOT AUSTRIA-HUNGARY, deadline Mon, 24 MAR 14 (CEST).

(limited: one entry per person only with one suggested name)

A reward of 35,000 GM goes to a lucky winner drawn from all correct entries received by Monday 24 MARCH 2014, 12:00 (CEST). Mention in your email your ingame name to win the GM reward. The winner will be published on Facebook with the start of the next mugshot competition.

Make history yourself: Supremacy 1914
March 18, 2014

Supremacy1914

On the Edge: A brief history on Russian-Ukrainian relations and the role of Crimea, Pt. II

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On the edge of defeat, leading Rada politicians entered negotiations with the Central Powers, in the end convincing both, Germany and Austria-Hungary, to join forces. After the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk the Bolsheviks in Ukraine were forced to end the conflict, at least formally. In fact, assaults continued and with the declaration of the anti-Bolshevik Hetmanate the tensions with Russia reached a new climax since the government formed strong ties with Berlin. Until November 1918 Ukraine saw a brief period of peace and political stability, but when German forces were withdrawn, formed relationships broke, leaving Ukraine back under Russian influence.

After World War I came to an end and Germany was defeated, the Russian government under Lenin lost no time to demonstrate its stand: Undoing the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk and invading Eastern countries, which formerly held close relationships to Germany or Austria-Hungary. In Galicia, the Western Ukrainian People’s Republic was declared, only to be defeated by Polish forces months later, annexing Eastern Galicia to Poland. The peninsula Crimea, at this point an independent republic, was used by intervening European forces as their main landing point. However, the intervention did have no effect on Ukrainian politics at all.

During the years 1919 and 1920, Ukraine saw a steady rise of Russian influence and Bolshevik troops took Kiev on February 5th of 1919. The Ukrainian People’s Republic faced immediate defeat and the Soviet Ukrainian government was re-instated. However, Bolshevik troops were not able to totally demolish the Ukrainian People’s Republic, facing a White Russian offensive in South Russia. By 1920 all of Eastern and central Ukraine except Crimea was again in Bolshevik hands.

Crimea, at this point of history, was heavily influenced by the anti-communistic forces of the White Russians under the commando of General Wrangler. However, his forces made their last stance against anarchic forces and the Red Army in 1920. Approximately 50.000 prisoners of war were executed in Crimea. This is considered the largest massacre in the Civil War. The Crimean Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (ASSR) was pronounced as a part of the Russian SFSR.

In 1922, the Civil War came to an end and the communist party proclaimed the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR), a federation of Russian SFSR, Western Ukraine, Belarus and Transcaucasia. After World War II, Ukraine was given its historical territories, parts of Hungary and pre-war Poland back. In 1954 the Crimean Oblast was also transferred to Ukraine. However, Ukraine did not become an independent republic until the end of the USSR. The peninsula Crimea is again the location for the ongoing struggle for power between Russia and Ukraine.
March 17, 2014

Supremacy1914

History on the Eve of WWI:

Treaty of Constantinople - Peace between Serbia and the Ottoman Empire

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On the 14th of March in 1914, a peace treaty was signed in Constantinople between Serbia and the Ottoman Empire. With the signing the relations between the two countries were set back to the status of 1913, after the treaty of London was signed. The signing ended the Second Balkan Empire, although peace between the Ottoman Empire and Montenegro was never negotiated.

While Serbia, Montenegro, Greece and Bulgaria formed the Balkan League during the First Balkan War, their alliance soon cracked over the division of the spoils. As a matter of fact Bulgaria soon faced Greece and Serbia, who formed a secret defensive alliance. The main Bulgarian Attack was directed against Serbian and Greek troops at Bulgarian borders. Due to a lack of planning and single-mindedness Serbian and Greece soldiers were able to fight off the rushing Bulgarian forces, leaving Bulgaria with two wars at two different borders. Into the bargain, on the 5th of July Romania declared war on Bulgaria with the intention of Southern Dobruja.

Thus, the Ottoman Empire entered war with the goal to recover Edirne (“Adrianople”) which was held by Bulgarian troops. With the Ottoman forces advancing, however, Edirne was abandoned twice and ultimately fell into the hands of the Empire. To help Bulgaria repulse the Ottoman advance, Russia sent the Black Sea Fleet, which caused Britain to intervene.

During the further procedure, Russia arbitrated and the former Balkan League met in Bucharest on 30th of July, agreeing on an armistice. However, the Ottoman Empire did not take part in the negotiations, forcing Bulgaria to negotiate with them separately. Although an agreement was reached during later negotiations and the Treaty of Bucharest was signed in 1913, the Ottoman Empire was not included.

In the end, none of the former battlefields were retained in the final Treaty of Constantinople, but a peace treaty between the allies and the Ottoman Empire was signed. On March 14th in 1914, representatives of both Serbia and the Ottoman Empire signed the treaty in Constantinople, only months prior to the outbreak of World War I.
March 14, 2014

Supremacy1914

Weapons of WWI

#16: Tracer Ammunition - Lightening up the sky

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Tracer ammunition, or „tracers“ as they were called during WWI, are a special sort of projectiles which are built with a small amount of flammable material. When shot, these bullets actually left a phosphorescent trail on their way into the target. Since gunners heavily relied on actually seeing the impact of a projectile to adjust aiming, this was a huge advantage, allowing to fight by night.

Prior to the development of tracer ammunition, “spotlight” bullets were used by armies. Instead of showing the trajectory of a bullet, spotlights only showed the place of impact. Due to its violation to the Hague Conventions this “exploding bullets” never made their way to the battlefield. Tracers, however, did.

In 1915, the United Kingdom was the first country to develop a tracer-bullet, based on the .303 cartridge. In 1917 the United States followed; introducing a .30-06 tracer. While obviously an advantage during night-time, tracers soon become famous as a weapon themselves: Since German Zeppelins where filled with easily inflammable hydrogen, they were an easy target for tracer bullets with their flaming back.

Nonetheless, tracers were mainly used as a marker during night in WWI, enabling soldiers and larger artillery to fight with a higher accuracy at night. The same is obviously true for aircrafts. Rarely, squad leaders loaded their whole magazines with tracers to mark targets for their soldiers or placed two rounds at the bottom of a magazine, to indicate that the magazine is nearly empty.
March 12, 2014

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Mugshots from History #19: UK

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When World War I broke out I decided to volunteer. I quickly gained a nickname, which did not only describe my guilty pleasure, but also my way of helping wounded and dying soldiers. Although I was a man of God, I never feared the front, helping dozens of soldiers in no-man’s-land to survive. Actions, which later earned me a Military Cross. All the experiences I gained during those times were later published in two books. WHO AM I? Reward 35.000 GM.

Send my FULL NAME to competition@bytro.com, subject: MUGSHOT UK, deadline Mon, 17 MAR 14, 12:00 (CEST).

(limited: one entry per person only with one suggested name.)

A reward of 35,000 GM goes to a lucky winner drawn from all correct entries received by Monday 17 March 2014, 12:00 (CEST). Mention in your email your ingame name to win the GM reward and make sure to use the right subject-line. The winner will be published on Facebook with the start of the next mugshot competition.

Make history yourself: Supremacy 1914
March 10, 2014

Supremacy1914

On the edge: A brief history on Russian-Ukrainian relations and the role of Crimea, Pt. I

Make history yourself: http://bit.ly/H5AxQU

With the newest political developments on Crimea, the Ukrainian peninsula, the relationships between Russia and Ukraine are on the edge of escalating. During the last days Russian soldiers have occupied most strategic points on Crimea, which is only a few miles off Russian territory. Diplomats are also not given a full view on the situation anymore. Near a ferry port on Russian side tanks and soldiers are brought into position, the Black Sea Fleet is showing strength and Russian aircrafts are invading Ukrainian sky. Due to Russian politicians, Crimea should become an independent republic with close relationships to Moscow. This status, however, reminds of the times during and after World War I, when Crimea was part of the ASSR.

During World War I today’s Ukraine was constantly struggling between the influence of Russia and the Allies, without being its own republic. Instead, part of the territory was under Russian control, while smaller parts belonged to Austria-Hungary. As early as 1914, a Russian offensive caused nearly 3.5 million Ukrainians to join the Russian army, while a mere 250.000 people joined the Austrian-Hungarian army. At this time, the clash of politics and cultures caused reams of civilian casualties. Meanwhile, Austria-Hungary deported more than 20.000 Ukrainians from Galicia to prisoner camps in Talerhof in Styria, accusing them of cooperation with the Russian Federation.

With the Brusilov Offensive, one of the most lethal battles in history, large parts of the Ukrainian territory fell into Russian hands. Only a month after the February Revolution of 1917 the Ukrainian People’s Republic was declared in Kiev, holding close ties with the Russian Provisional Government in Petrograd, even supporting the Kerensky Offensive. While Russia lost nearly all of the territory gained in previous battles, anarchic forces under Nestor Makhno rose. Meanwhile Bolshevik-infiltrated trade unions heavily disturbed the fragile peace in the republic.

This peace was destroyed by the October Revolution in 1917, which spread over the Russian Empire within weeks. A riot in Kiev in November 1917 forced the garrisoned troops to withdraw their position. While Tsentrala Rada took over Kiev, a rival Ukrainian republic was set up in Kharkov by Bolsheviks. Hostilities against the Rada began immediately and on January 22th of 1918 ties with Russia were cut and Ukrainian independence was declared. However, Russian authorities were not able to accept this status quo, supporting Bolsheviks and other underground movements with weapons and ammunition, enabling them to take control of several Ukrainian cities. On Crimea, however, the revolution led to the declaration of a short-lived republic.

Be prepared for the years at the end of World War I and how the relations between Russia and Ukraine developed. What happened to Crimea and how did World War I affect the territories of both, Russia and Ukraine?
March 9, 2014

Supremacy1914

Heroes of WWI

#5: Arditi

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The name „Arditi“ originates from the Italian word „ardito“, meaning brave or courageous. Before becoming an officially used term for Italian storm troopers, it was used for soldiers who showed extraordinary dedication for their country at the front. However, “Arditi” became the official name for a special unit in Italy after Italian Supreme Command reported of similar troops in Germany and Austria-Hungary. The so-called “Companies of Death” were trained and formed in Sdricca di Manzano since 1917.

Most Arditi seeing action were volunteers or designated soldiers from “Bersaglieri” or “Alpini”, who enjoyed a lot of benefits: After grueling tests of strengths, skill and courage the soon-to-be shock assault troopers were trained in the use of special tactics and weapons, hand-to-hand fighting and underwent exhausting physical training. In addition to a higher guerdon the Arditi never stayed at the front for a long time, however, most of their missions went hand in hand with severe losses: At an average, the Arditi lost 25 to 30 percent of their numbers during an assault. Thus, their motto was “O la vittoria, o tutti accoppati!” (“We either win, or we all die!”).

Nearly all of the 19.000 men who made it into the special unit saw action on the river Piave. With daggers clenched between their teeth, the Arditi swam through the river and assaulted Austrian and German positions. Today, the CONDUBIN commandoes wear a batch showing a caiman clenching a dagger between its teeth, thus honoring the “Caimans of the Piave”, the brave Arditi who contributed to the breakthrough of the Piave in November 1918. In 1920, however, all Arditi unites were disbanded.
March 7, 2014

Supremacy1914

Weapons of WWI

#15: U-35 - The most effective U-boat of WWI

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The SM U-35 is widely seen as the most successful U-boat during World War I: Reports range from 224 to 237 ships which were sank by this submarine. Most of these firings occurred under Lothar von Arnauld de la Perière. The captain is not only the most successful submarine commander in history but also valued by his enemies, due to his adherence of the prize rules.

U-35 was developed by German engineer Hans Techel and keel was laid on 20 December 1912 at Kiel. The submarine officially entered service on 3 November 1914 under Captain Waldemar Kophamel. After being used as a reconnaissance U-boat, U-35 sunk 17 merchant ships on its next three missions. Under the command of Captain Kophamel several other merchant ships were sunk by U-35.

On 18 November 1915 Captain de la Perière took over the command. On 15 missions he and his crew sank 189 merchant ships and the British gunboat HMS Primula as well as the French gunboat Rigel. The armed merchant cruiser SS La Provence was successfully torpedoes and sunk only hours later. 990 out of 1.800 French soldiers lost their life. The fourteenth patrol of U-35 is known as the most successful mission ever conducted by a submarine: 54 merchant ships with nearly 90.000 gross register tons were sunk. During his last mission Captain de la Perière sank the SS Gallia, leading to the death of an estimated 600 to 1.800 men.

Only 35 crew members operated on the 64 meters long submarine, firing out of four 19.7 inches torpedo tubes; two on the bow and two at the stern. After Captain de la Perière left U-35, the following captains had no luck with the submarine: Most of their missions were cut off due to severe engine damage. After being transferred to England after the end of World War I, U-35 was broken up in 1920.
March 5, 2014

Supremacy1914

WIN GOLDMARK – Find out my name

Mugshots from History #18: Belgium

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My second “career” began in 1914 when I helped my fiancé to reunite with his regiment again. Wounded as he was, he needed my help to pass the border. During our trip I kept my eyes and ears open, gathering any information I could. Hired by the British Intelligence I was soon used as a spy and with my false identities it was easy to acquire more information. Nonetheless, I was part of the underground movement in my home country and aided more soldiers, crossing the border. Betrayed by a soldier and executed by a firing squad my life came to an abrupt end. WHO AM I? Reward: 35.000 GM.

Send my name to competition@bytro.com, subject: MUGSHOT BELGIUM, deadline Mon, 10 FEB 14 (CEST).

(limited: one entry per person only with one suggested name.)

A reward of 35,000 GM goes to a lucky winner drawn from all correct entries received by Monday 10 March 2014, 12:00 (CEST). Mention in your email your ingame name to win the GM reward. The winner will be published on Facebook with the start of the next mugshot competition.

Make history yourself: Supremacy 1914
March 4, 2014

Supremacy1914

Heroes in WWI

#4: The brave women of FANY

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Not well known, the FANYs are true heroes on their own. Founded in 1907 by Captain Edward Baker as the First Aid Nursing Yeomanry the women who joined struggled with the acceptance of soldiers in a male dominated environment. In spite of all criticism the brave women of FANY had some unlikely supporters, e.g. the Brigade of Guards.

In August 1914, the month World War I was declared, women who joined FANY were sent to Belgium, where they used their medical knowledge to take care of casualties of the Belgium Army. Soon they were in charge of a hospital in Antwerpen on their own until Germany conquered the city. The FANYs had to flee back to Great Britain, only to find themselves in France some weeks later. Right at the harbour of Calais they set up a hospital to medicate the casualties. From 1914 to 1916 over 4000 patients were treated in the improvised facility.

However, the brave women of FANY also set soup kitchens and canteens and took food and spare clothes to the front line. And, since most soldiers did not take a bath for weeks or months, the FANYs brought a front-bath to them. This unusual unit was nicknamed “Jams” and consisted of ten collapsible bathtubs.

Many missions forced the young women in direct contact with the front line, seeing cruelty and compelling them to outgrow their fears. Thus, it is not surprising that FANY’s won several medals, e.g. Military Medals, Croix de Guerre, Legion d’Honneur and even several medals for bravery.
March 1, 2014

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